Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are a painful engorgement of the veins in the rectum or anus region. They form due to an increased strain in the anal veins that makes them swell and inflate which makes passing of stools and sitting down an excruciating experience. Many a times, prolonged standing also makes the pain worse. Therefore, “how to treat piles” is a burning question that engulfs almost everyone who suffers from piles. Based on the position of the swollen veins, hemorrhoids can be classified into two types – internal which appears in the lower rectum and external which forms beneath the skin of the anus.
Factors that typically trigger piles are excessive straining of the blood vessels due to intestinal problems, genetic disposition with feeble veins, lifestyle factors, pregnancy, liver problems, deficiency of vitamin E and poor diet. A person with any of these piles conditions experience symptoms like itching, loss of blood during bowel movements and burning sensation. Some patients report a protuberance of fleshy, agonizing bulge from the rectal canal, a condition commonly known as prolapsed Hemorrhoids. Under such circumstances, the doctor may suggest a remedial procedure on “how to treat piles” as the suitable treatment option.
With the appropriate treatment, this painful health disorder can be easily controlled. Here are few effective treatment procedures on “how to treat piles” successfully.
How To Treat Piles With Medications
Lotions, creams, medicines and ointments are usually suggested, by doctors, to people who suffer from piles. Most of these ointments and medications contain hydrocortisone or witch hazel, which aid to reduce the hemorrhoid’s size and gradually cause them to shrink and drop off. The creams are usually recommended for a period of seven to ten days as overusing them can lead to adverse reactions such as thinning of skin and skin rashes.
Over-the-counter oral pain killers like ibuprofen, can relieve pain for a short period of time. Laxative pills can make passing of stools easier and smoother when piles is present in the anus. It can also minimize the possibility of a recurrence.
Prescription stool softeners which contain methycellulose or psyllium husk can aid to bulk up the stool as well as make it looser and softer to reduce the pressure caused during a bowel movement.
How To Treat Piles Using Minimally Invasive Procedures
Rubber Band Ligation:
It is one of the most common types of treatment process for piles. In this procedure, a tiny slit is made near the piles tissue. Then rubber bands are used to cover the tissue thus, cutting off the supply of blood to the hemorrhoid and making it shrivel and fall off within a week. This technique is most effective for the internal piles and it involves nominal risk and pain. It is one of the most beneficial treatment processes with the least likelihood of reappearance.
Sclerotherapy and Coagulation:
Sclerotherapy and Coagulation are other regular hemorrhoid treatments. In sclerotherapy, the hemorrhoid is injected with chemicals, which damages the hemorrhoid tissues and cures the condition. On the other hand, in the coagulation method, the hemorrhoid tissues are subjected to intense heat and high radiation. This exposure causes the hemorrhoids to shrink in size and ultimately fall off.
How To Treat Piles With Surgical Procedures
Large or chronic piles can be surgically removed through a process called hemorrhoidectomy. Even though this process is effective, there are several complications linked to it such as difficulty in emptying the bladder temporarily that often leads to urinary tract infection. This treatment process entails the use of sedation or local anesthesia before the hemorrhoid is removed.
Hemorrhoid stapling is less agonizing procedure as compared to hemorrhoidectomy. It involves using medical staples to obstruct the blood supply to the hemorrhoid and prevent it from persisting. The complications involved in this procedure include an enhanced risk of rectal prolapsed and recurrence. Rectal prolapse takes place when fragment of the rectum obtrudes from the anus.
How To Treat Piles Using Laser Removal:
This is the latest technique used for hemorrhoid removal. As the name indicates, a laser beam is focused on the affected region to cauterize it. Also, taking into account the non-invasive process and successful results, laser removal procedure is rapidly becoming a favored alternate to other methods.
How To Treat Piles With Natural Remedies
Doctors recommends that you initially try natural stool softeners like consuming eight to ten glasses of water every day and eating adequate amount of fruits and vegetables. Appropriate dietary habits play a vital role in curing and preventing piles. A diet rich in fiber such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables and plenty of fluids, enhances bowel movement by retaining fluids in the stool. This minimizes the chances of passing hard stools during bowel movements, which often causes hemorrhoids.
Keeping the rectum clean is one of the best ways to ease irritation. Soaking the affected region in a sitz bath of Epsom salt or baking soda can aid to soothe and cleanse the area. It is also imperative to dry the region after a bath to reduce friction that can augment the pain.
Applying cold compresses or ice packs on anus can help to relieve swelling. Moreover, sitting on a cushion or pillow can eliminate some amount of strain off the anus.
Olive oil, Almond oil, chamomile tea, witch hazel, horse chestnut etc helps to shrink the hemorrhoids. Aloe Vera gel, if applied on the rectum area, assists in relieving itching and also soothes the inflammation. Consuming garlic water two to three times a day can act as an enema and help to clear the bowel. To prepare this remedy one has to seep four to five garlic cloves in boiling water for around 45 minutes. This is an effectual treatment for piles during pregnancy.
How To Treat Piles With Homeopathy
Homeopathy offers safe, logical and effective remedies for hemorrhoids. It produces permanent cure by treating the piles from its roots. The homeopathic remedies that can be used under a specialist homeopathy physician are aesculus, collinsonia, lachesis, hammamelis, nitric acid, muratic acid, nux vomica and so on.
How To Treat Piles By Altering The Lifestyle
Following a healthy lifestyle can easily help in controlling hemorrhoids. One must ensure that the rectal area is gently cleansed with a mild soap after bowel movements. Also, the region should be kept dry using a talcum powder or a soft tissue pad that absorbs moisture. Sedentary lifestyle and obesity are factors that can contribute to hemorrhoid development. Hence, one should add cardiovascular exercise to their daily routine like swimming, walking, jogging etc. 20-30 minutes of regular exercise would be sufficient to cure hemorrhoids.
Overall, hemorrhoids can be distressing, painful and can produce unpleasant side-effects, particularly if it is allowed to go untreated for a long time. Hence, it is advisable to discuss the condition with a physician without delay. A physician can aid to find the appropriate remedy or treatment method on “how to treat piles”, depending upon the symptoms and situations.
Image Credits: Types of hemorrhoids, by WikipedianProlific and Mikael Häggström, Wikimedia Commons (Source)